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Glossary of College and Financial Aid Terms and Acronyms

The following glossary and information is provided with permission from Mapping Your Future.org. Mapping Your Future® is a national collaborative, public-service, nonprofit organization providing career, college, financial aid, and financial literacy information and services for students, families, and schools. For more info visit: http://www.mappingyourfuture.org/ and http://www.mappingyourfuture.org/about/linkingto.htm.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A

AA: Associate of Arts degree

AAS: Associate of Applied Science degree

Academic Year (AY): The student's enrollment period for which financial assistance/aid is awarded. The federal definition of academic year is July 1 through June 30.

Accrued Interest: Interest that builds gradually on the loan. Each day, interest is calculated on the unpaid principal balance and becomes accrued interest.

ACH: Automated Clearinghouse, may be used to streamline the electronic transfer of funds

ACT, Inc.: American College Testing, an independent, not-for-profit organization that provides assessment, research, information, and program management services in the areas of educational planning, career planning, and workforce development

Adjusted Gross Income (AGI): Income figure on federal tax returns used to perform need analysis

Administrative Wage Garnishment (AWG): The withholding of a portion of a borrower's wages to repay a defaulted loan

AFDC: Aid to Families with Dependent Children

AGD: Anticipated Graduation Date, the date a student expects to graduate, which triggers the beginning of the grace period for student loans

AGI: Adjusted Gross Income, income figure on federal tax returns used to perform need analysis

American College Testing (ACT, Inc.): An independent, not-for-profit organization that provides assessment, research, information, and program management services in the areas of educational planning, career planning, and workforce development

Anticipated Graduation Date (AGD): The date a student expects to graduate, which triggers the beginning of the grace period for student loans

AP: Advanced Placement

AS: Associate of Science degree

ATB: Ability to Benefit

Automated Transfer of Money (ATOM): MOSTARS' disbursement clearinghouse service

Award Letter: A letter sent to the student by the institution indicating the type and amount of student financial assistance/aid the student is eligible to receive

AWG: Administrative wage garnishment, the withholding of a portion of a borrower's wages to repay a defaulted loan

AY: Academic Year, the student's enrollment period for which financial assistance/aid is awarded. The federal definition of academic year is July 1 through June 30.

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B

BA: Bachelor of Arts degree

Basic Educational Opportunity Grant (BEOG): Now the Federal Pell Grant Program

BBAY: Borrower-Based Academic Year, an academic year that is individualized for each borrower

BEOG: Basic Educational Opportunity Grant, now the Federal Pell Grant Program

Borrower Status Types: Periods during the life cycle of a student loan that define the borrower's status relative to the loan obligation:
• In Grace: Out of school but not yet expected to make payments
• In Repayment: Expected to make regular monthly payments unless granted a deferment or forbearance
• In School: Attending an eligible institution at least half time; also known as the "interim" status

Borrower: A person who obtains a loan and must repay it

Borrower-Based Academic Year (BBAY): An academic year that is individualized for each borrower

BS: Bachelor of Science degree

Byrd Program: Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program, a federal financial assistance program for students who demonstrate outstanding academic achievement and show promise of continued academic excellence

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C

Campus-Based Aid Programs: Financial assistance/aid programs administered directly by the financial aid office at the institution (e.g., Federal Work-Study, Federal Perkins Loans)

Cancellation: When the federal government pays a student borrower's loan debt due to the borrower's death or total and permanent disability

Capitalized Interest: Accrued interest that is added to the principal

CB: Campus-Based

CDR: Cohort Default Rate, the percentage of federal student loan borrowers that default on their loans by the end of the federal fiscal year (FFY) following the FFY in which they entered repayment

Central Processing System (CPS): A company that is contracted by the U.S. Department of Education to process the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)

CFR: Code of Federal Regulations, all Title IV student assistance/aid programs, including the FFEL Program, are regulated by 34 CFR.

Claim: A request made by a loan holder or lender to a guaranty agency for payment of an insured student loan

COA: Cost of Attendance, an estimate of a student's total education expenses for an enrollment period

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR): All Title IV student assistance/aid programs, including the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program, are regulated by 34 CFR.

Cohort Default Rate: The percentage of federal student loan borrowers that default on their loans by the end of the federal fiscal year (FFY) following the FFY in which they entered repayment

Comaker: A person who is a joint borrower on a loan and who is equally liable for repayment of the loan (example: spouses who borrower a Federal Consolidation Loan to repay a combination of their student loans)

Consolidation: The combining of existing loans into one new loan, which can result in lower monthly payments but higher total debt

Cost of Attendance (COA): An estimate of a student's total education expenses for an enrollment period

CPS: Central Processing System, a company that is contracted by the U.S. Department of Education to process the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)

Credit Bureau: An organization that keeps information on a person's credit history

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D

Default Aversion Assistance (DAA): Activities that guaranty agencies must perform to encourage repayment by borrowers with delinquent student loans. A lender must submit a DAA request to the guarantor when a borrower is 60-120 days delinquent on a student loan.

Dear Colleague Letter (DCL): Published by the U.S. Department of Education to interpret laws and regulations. DCLs are assigned file, or reference, numbers such as 93-G-248. The "93" refers to the year in which the letter was released. The "G" indicates general provisions. The "248" means this DCL was the 248th letter released in 1993.

Dear Partner Letter (DPL): Published by the U.S. Department of Education (USDE) to interpret laws and regulations. DPLs are assigned file, or reference numbers, in similar fashion as Dear Colleague Letters (DCL).

Default: When a federal student loan payment is 270 days delinquent or when the borrower fails to meet other terms of the promissory note

Deferment: A postponement of payments

Delinquency: Failure to make a full payment when it is due

Dependent Student: A student who does NOT meet any of the following criteria:
• Is at least 24 years old by December 31 of the school year
• Is a graduate or professional student Is a married person
• Has legal dependents other than a spouse
• Is a veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces
• Is an orphan or ward of the court

Direct Loan Program: A federal program through which the U.S. Department of Education offers four types of student loans: subsidized Federal Stafford Loans, unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans, Federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS), and Federal Consolidation Loans

Due Diligence: Exercising reasonable care and diligence in the making, servicing, and collection of a student loan to retain the insurance of the loan

DVA: Department of Veterans Affairs, formerly the Veterans Administration (VA)

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E

ED: U.S. Department of Education

EdD: Doctor of Education degree

EFA: Estimated Financial Assistance or Estimated Financial Aid, the institution's estimation of the amount of financial assistance/aid a student is eligible to receive for an enrollment period

EFC: Expected Family Contribution, the amount a family can reasonably be expected to pay for a student's education, calculated by the Central Processing System based on the information contained on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and a federal need-analysis formula

EFT: Electronic Funds Transfer

EIN: Employer Identification Number

Electronic Student Aid Report (ESAR): The precursor to the Institutional Student Information Record (ISIR).

EMC: Exceptional Mitigating Circumstances, a cohort default rate appeal option for postsecondary institutions meeting certain criteria, including having a low-income student body

ENAS: Electronic Need Analysis System

Endorser: A person who signs a promissory note (along with the borrower) and agrees to pay a loan if the borrower does not

Enrollment Status: The designation of a student as being enrolled full time, half time, or less than half time by the institution, which can affect a student's eligibility for financial assistance/aid

Entrance Counseling: Before a school delivers federal student loan proceeds, students are required by federal regulation to complete an entrance counseling session.

Estimated Financial Aid (EFA): The institution's estimation of the amount of financial assistance/aid a student is eligible to receive for an enrollment period

Estimated Financial Assistance (EFA): The institution's estimation of the amount of financial assistance/aid a student is eligible to receive for an enrollment period

ETS: Electronic Testing Service

Exceptional Mitigating Circumstances (EMC): A cohort default rate appeal option for postsecondary institutions meeting certain criteria, including having a low-income student body

Exit Counseling: Before agraduating or dropping below half-time attendance, a student is required by federal regulation to complete an exit counseling session.

Expected Family Contribution (EFC): The amount a family can reasonably be expected to pay for a student's education, calculated by the Central Processing System based on the information contained on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and a federal need-analysis formula

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F

FAA: Financial Aid Administrator

FAFNAR: Financial Aid Form Need Analysis Report, a postsecondary institution's output document from a college scholarship service need-analysis application

FAFSA: Free Application for Federal Student Aid, the standard form students must complete to apply for federal and state need-based assistance/aid programs and, in some circumstances, campus-based assistance/aid

Family Financial Statement (FFS): A need analysis application

FAO: Financial Aid Office or Financial Aid Officer

FAT: Financial Aid Transcript

FDLP: Federal Direct Loan Program, A federal program through which the U.S. Department of Education offers four types of student loans: subsidized Federal Stafford Loans, unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans, Federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS), and Federal Consolidation Loans

FDSL Program: Federal Direct Student Loan Program, the former name for all Part D loan programs, now the Federal Direct Loan Program

Federal Aid: Student financial assistance/aid programs, usually Title IV programs, funded by the U.S. government and administered by the U.S. Department of Education along with eligible postsecondary institutions

Federal Direct Loan Program (FDLP): A federal program through which the U.S. Department of Education offers four types of student loans: subsidized Federal Stafford Loans, unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans, Federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS), and Federal Consolidation Loans

Federal Direct Student Loan (FDSL) Program: The former name for all Part D loan programs, now the Federal Direct Loan Program

Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program: A federal program in which lenders and guaranty agencies offer four types of student loans: subsidized Federal Stafford Loans, unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans, Federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS), and Federal Consolidation Loans

Federal Fiscal Year (FFY): Oct. 1 - Sept. 30

Federal Interest Subsidy: Also known as Interest Benefits, the federal government's payment for all or part of the interest that accrues during the in-school, grace, and deferment periods on behalf of the borrower

Federal Methodology: The need analysis formula used to determine a student's Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

Federal PLUS Loan Program: Federal Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students Loan Program, a loan program that is not need-based and is designed for parents with dependent students

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG) Program: A campus-based Title IV grant program

Federal Supplemental Loans for Students (SLS): Now the unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan, a Title IV loan program for graduate, professional, and independent undergraduate students

Federal Work-Study (FWS): A campus-based Title IV employment program

Federally Insured Student Loan Program (FISL Program): Replaced by the current guaranteed student loan programs

FERPA: Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974

FFELP or FFEL Program: Federal Family Education Loan Program, A federal program in which lenders and guaranty agencies offer four types of student loans: subsidized Federal Stafford Loans, unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans, Federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS), and Federal Consolidation Loans

FFS: Family Financial Statement, a need analysis application

Financial Aid Form Need Analysis Report (FAFNAR): A postsecondary institution's output document from a college scholarship service need-analysis application

Financial Need: The difference between a student's total cost of attendance, the expected family contribution, and any student financial assistance the student will receive. A student must demonstrate financial need to be eligible for need-based financial assistance/aid programs.

FISAP: Fiscal Operations Report and Application to Participate in the Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Program (FSEOG), and Federal Work-Study (FWS) programs

Fiscal Year (FY): The 12-month period during which financial assistance/aid funds are awarded. Federal Fiscal Year (FFY): Oct. 1 - Sept. 30.

FISL Program: Federally Insured Student Loan Program, replaced by the current guaranteed student loan programs

Fixed Interest Rates: Interest rates that do not change during the life of the loan

Forbearance: Permission to postpone or reduce payments

Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA): The standard form students must complete to apply for federal and state need-based assistance/aid programs and, in some circumstances, campus-based assistance/aid

FSEOG Program: Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Program, a campus-based Title IV grant program

FT: Full Time

FWS: Federal Work-Study, a campus-based Title IV employment program

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G

GEAR UP: Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs

GED: General Educational Development certificate, an equivalent of a high school diploma

GEN: General Dear Colleague Letter

General Educational Development (GED) Certificate: an equivalent of a high school diploma

Gift Aid: Financial assistance/aid, such as scholarships and grants, that does not have to be repaid

GMAT: Graduate Management Admission Test

GPA: Grade Point Average

Grace Period: A period of time after a borrower graduates, leaves school, or stops attending school at least half time, during which the borrower does not have to make principal payments on a loan

Grant: Financial assistance/aid that does not have to be repaid

GRE: Graduate Record Examination

GSL Program: Guaranteed Student Loan Program, now the Federal Stafford Loan Program

Guarantee Fee: Also known as the Insurance Premium, fee charged to a borrower for a federal student loan. The originating lender deducts the fee from the loan and remits it to the guaranty agency.

Guaranteed Student Loan Program (GSL Program): Now the Federal Stafford Loan program

Guaranty Agency (or Guarantor): An organization that administers the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program on behalf of the U.S. Department of Education. If a borrower defaults on a FFEL Program loan, the guaranty agency buys the loan from the holder and collects it from the borrower.

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H

HBCU: Historically Black Colleges and Universities

HEA: Higher Education Act of 1965

Health Education Assistance Loan (HEAL): A loan program that was phased out beginning on July 1, 1996

Holder: A lender or secondary market that buys a loan and collects it from the borrower

HPSL Program: Health Professions Student Loan Program

HT: Half Time

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I

IB: International Baccalaureate

Independent Student: A student who meets one of the following criteria:
• Is at least 24 years old by December 31 of the school year
• Is a graduate or professional student Is a married person
• Has legal dependents other than a spouse
• Is a veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces
• Is an orphan or ward of the court

Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN): An IRS identification number for individuals who are not U.S. citizens, nationals, or permanent residents

In-School Status: Also known as the interim status, attending an eligible institution at least half time

Institutional Aid: Financial assistance/aid programs funded and administered by postsecondary institutions

Institutional Student Information Record (ISIR): A record produced by the Central Processing System and sent to the institution indicating the student's calculated Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

Insurance Premium: Also known as the Guarantee Fee, a fee charged to a borrower for a federal student loan. The originating lender deducts the fee from the loan and remits it to the guaranty agency.

Interest: The cost of borrowing money

Interim Status: Also known as the in-school status, attending an eligible institution at least half time

IRA: Individual Retirement Account

IRS: Internal Revenue Service

ISIR: Institutional Student Information Record, a record produced by the Central Processing System and sent to the institution indicating the student's calculated Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

IVF: Institutional Verification Form

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J

JD: Juris Doctorate degree

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K

K-16: The school years from kindergarten through the fourth year of postsecondary education

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L

LDA: Last date of attendance or Late Disbursement Affidavit

Lender: A bank, savings and loan, or credit union that provides the actual student loan funds. Some lenders service (that is, handle correspondence for) loans. Other lenders sell and transfer loans to a secondary market.

LID: Lender Identification Number

LOA: Leave of Absence

Loan Forgiveness: Cancellation of student loan debt

Loan Period: The student's enrollment period for which the postsecondary institution approves a student loan to pay educational expenses

Loann: Money borrowed that must be repaid, with interest

LS&T: Limitation, Suspension, and Termination

LTH: Less Than Half Time

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M

MDE: Multiple Data Entry, offers need analysis applications to students

MPN: Master Promissory Note

Multiple Data Entry (MDE): Offers need analysis applications to students

MYF: Mapping Your Future

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N

NAS: Need Analysis Servicer or Need Analysis System

NASC: Need Analysis System Certification

National Direct Student Loan Program (NDSL): Now the Perkins Loan Program

National Student Clearinghouse (NSLC): Formerly the National Student Loan Clearinghouse

National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS): A database comprised of information from guarantors, schools, lenders, and the U.S. Department of Education (USDE) that contains data on Title IV student financial assistance

NDSL: National Direct Student Loan Program, now the Perkins Loan Program

Need Analysis: A set of financial criteria and standards, established by the U.S. Department of Education and approved by Congress, that is used to determine a student's financial need for need-based programs

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM): Announcement in the Federal Register of proposed regulations with explanation and a specified period during which public comment is invited

NSL: Federal Nursing Student Loan

NSLC: National Student Clearinghouse, formerly the National Student Loan Clearinghouse

NSLDS: National Student Loan Data System, a database comprised of information from guarantors, schools, lenders, and the U.S. Department of Education (USDE) that contains data on Title IV student financial assistance

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O

OPE: Office of Postsecondary Education, an office of the U.S. Department of Education that includes Policy, Planning, and Innovation; the Higher Education Programs; the Student Financial Assistance Programs; the Policy, Training and Analysis Service; the Accounting and Financial Management Service; the Guarantor and Lender Oversight Service; the Program Systems Service; the Institutional Participation and Oversight Service; and the Debt Collection Service

Out-of-School Date (OSD): A student's last date of at least half-time attendance or anticipated graduation date if an earlier withdrawal date is not reported by a school

OSLC: Online Student Loan Counseling

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P

P.L.: Public law, every federal law is assigned a P.L. number

Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS): A loan program that is not need-based and is designed for parents with dependent students

PART B: The section of Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, that authorizes the Federal Family Education Loan Program (Chapter 2, Section 4)

PART D: The section of Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, that authorizes the Federal Direct Loan Program

Participation Rate Index (PRI): A cohort default rate appeal option for postsecondary institutions with a low percentage of students participating in the loan programs

PCA: Pre-Claims Assistance, formerly a Request for Collection Assistance (RCA), activities that guaranty agencies were required to perform to encourage repayment by borrowers with delinquent student loans. PCA was replaced by Default Aversion Assistance (DAA) on Feb. 15, 1999.

PEDE: Pell Electronic Data Exchange

Pell Grant Recipient and Financial Management System (PGRFMS): Now the Grant Administration and Payment System (GAPS)

PEN: Postsecondary Education Network

PEPS: Postsecondary Education Participants System, a database of postsecondary institutions that participate in any program administered by the U. S. Department of Education

PhD: Doctor of Philosophy degree

PIN: Personal Identification Number

PJ: Professional Judgment

PLUS: Federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students Loan Program, a loan program that is not need-based and is designed for parents with dependent students

Postsecondary Education Participants System (PEPS): A database of postsecondary institutions that participate in any program administered by the U. S. Department of Education

PPA: Program Participation Agreement with the U.S. Department of Education

PRCN: Program Review Control Number

Pre-Claims Assistance (PCA): Formerly a Request for Collection Assistance (RCA), activities that guaranty agencies were required to perform to encourage repayment by borrowers with delinquent student loans. PCA was replaced by Default Aversion Assistance (DAA) on Feb. 15, 1999.

PRI: Participation Rate Index, a cohort default rate appeal option for postsecondary institutions with a low percentage of students participating in the loan programs

Principal: The actual amount borrowed

Promissory Note: The legal and binding contract a borrower signs promising to repay a loan

PT: Part Time

PWD: Post-Withdrawal Disbursement

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Q

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R

RDE: Recipient Data Exchange

Request for Collection Assistance (RCA): Former name for pre-claims assistance (PCA), replaced by Default Aversion Assistance on Feb. 15, 1999

Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program (Byrd Program): A federal financial assistance program for students who demonstrate outstanding academic achievement and show promise of continued academic excellence

ROTC: Reserve Officers Training Corps

RPDC: Regional Professional Development Center

RS: Recipient System, a component of the Education Central Automated Processing System (EDCAPS)

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S

SAP: Satisfactory Academic Progress, to remain eligible for most types of financial assistance/aid, students must maintain satisfactory academic progress as defined by the postsecondary institution

SAR: Student Aid Report. Produced by the Central Processing System and sent to the student showing the student's calculated Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

SAT: Scholastic Aptitude Test

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP): To remain eligible for most types of financial assistance/aid, students must maintain satisfactory academic progress as defined by the postsecondary institution

SAY: Scheduled Academic Year

Scholarship: Financial assistance/aid that is usually based on merit or ability, and that does not have to be repaid

School NOG: School Notice of Loan Guarantee

Secondary Market: An organization, that purchases student loans and collects on the loans

Self-Help Assistance: Financial assistance/aid that the student earns, such as work-study funds, or must repay, such as loans

Separation Date: The date a borrower graduates or stops attending school at least half time, which triggers the start of the grace period

Servicer: Private companies that many postsecondary institutions, lenders, guaranty agencies, and secondary markets contract with to handle student loan processing

SFA: Student Financial Aid or Student Financial Assistance

Simple Interest: Interest that is calculated on the principal portion of your loan

SLEAP: Supplemental Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership

SLS: Federal Supplemental Loans for Students, now the unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan, a Title IV loan program for graduate, professional, and independent undergraduate students

SMA: Standard Maintenance Allowance, subtracted from the Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) in the need analysis calculation

SNT: Simplified Needs Test, excludes certain items in the need analysis calculation when a family's income is low

SPA: Supplemental Preclaims Assistance, activities that guaranty agencies were required to perform to encourage repayment by borrowers with student loans more than 120 days delinquent. SPA was replaced by Default Aversion Assistance (DAA) on Feb. 15, 1999.

Special Allowance: Sum of money paid to the holder of a student loan by the federal government to compensate the holder for the difference between the current market interest rate and the statutory interest rate

SSA: Social Security Administration

SSCH: Single Source Clearinghouse

SSCR: Student Status Confirmation Report, formerly the Enrollment Verification Report

SSIG: State Student Incentive Grant, now the Leveraging Education Assistance Partnership (LEAP)

SSN: Social Security Number

Standard Maintenance Allowance (SMA): Subtracted from the Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) in the need analysis calculation

State Aid: Financial assistance/aid programs funded and administered by the state

State Student Incentive Grant (SSIG): Now the Leveraging Education Assistance Partnership (LEAP)

State Tax Offset: The withholding of a borrower's state income tax refund to repay a defaulted loan

Student Aid Report (SAR): Produced by the Central Processing System and sent to the student showing the student's calculated Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

Subsidized Federal Stafford Loan (SUB): Need-based loan program for which the federal government pays the interest to the lender on the student's behalf while the student is enrolled at least half time, during the grace period, and during periods of authorized deferment

Supplemental Loans for Students (SLS): Now the unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan, a Title IV loan program for graduate, professional, and independent undergraduate students

Supplemental Preclaims Assistance (SPA): Activities that guaranty agencies were required to perform to encourage repayment by borrowers with student loans more than 120 days delinquent. SPA was replaced by Default Aversion Assistance (DAA) on Feb. 15, 1999.

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T

T-BILL: Treasury Bill, used to calculate interest rates, interest benefits, and special allowance for guaranteed student loans

TIN: Taxpayer Identification Number

TIV WAN: Title IV Wide Area Network

TOEFL: Test of English as a Foreign Language

Treasury Bill (T-BILL): Used to calculate interest rates, interest benefits, and special allowance for guaranteed student loans

Treasury Offset: The withholding of a borrower's federal Treasury payments, such as federal tax refunds, veterans' benefits, and social security benefits, to repay a defaulted loan

TRIO: Special programs for students from disadvantaged backgrounds, including Educational Opportunity Centers, Talent Search, Upward Bound, and Student Support Services

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U

UNCF: United Negro College Fund

Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan (UNSUB): A non-need-based loan for which the federal government does not pay any of the accrued interest on behalf of the student. Interest begins to accrue on the loan as soon as it is disbursed, and the student may choose to pay the interest as it accrues or defer it as long as he or she remains enrolled at least half time in an eligible school.

USED: U.S. Department of Education

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V

VA: Veterans Administration, now the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA)

Variable Interest Rates: Interest rates that are tied to a certain index and change periodically as the index changes

VR: Vocational Rehabilitation

VWS: Verification Worksheet

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W

Wage Garnishment: The withholding of a portion of a borrower's wages to repay a defaulted loan

WD: Withdrawal Date

Work: At least part-time employment from which the student earns money for educational expenses while enrolled in school

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X

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Y

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Z

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